Total phenolic, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity of flour, noodles, and steamed bread made from different colored wheat grains by three milling methods

Yaoguang Li 已出版文章查询
Yaoguang Li
1 Dongyun Ma 已出版文章查询
Dongyun Ma
1 Dexiang Sun 已出版文章查询
Dexiang Sun
1 Chenyang Wang 已出版文章查询
Chenyang Wang
1 Jian Zhang 已出版文章查询
Jian Zhang
2 Yingxin Xie 已出版文章查询
Yingxin Xie
1 Tiancai Guo 已出版文章查询
Tiancai Guo

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1Agronomy College, National Engineering Research Center for Wheat, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China

2Institute of Food Science and Technology, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 45002, China

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of wheat variety, food processing, and milling method on antioxidant properties. Black wheat variety Heibaoshi 1 had the highest total phenolic content (659.8μg gallic acid equivalents g?1), total flavonoid content (319.3μg rutin equivalents g?1), and antioxidant activity, whereas light purple wheat variety Shandongzimai 1 had the lowest total flavonoid content (236.2μg rutin equivalents g?1) and antioxidant activity. Whole wheat flour and partially debranned grain flour had significantly higher total phenolic contents, total flavonoid contents, and antioxidant activity than refined flour (P<0.05). Compared with flour, total phenolic contents, total flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity decreased in noodles and steamed bread, whereas noodles had slightly higher total phenolic and flavonoid content than steamed bread. Antioxidant activities (by ferric reducing ability of plasma assay) of steamed bread made from whole wheat flour, partially debranned grain flour, and refined flour were 23.5%, 21.1%, and 31.6% lower, respectively, than the corresponding values of flour. These results suggested that black whole wheat flour and partially debranned grain flour are beneficial to human health.

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基金This project was funded by the Special Funds for Industry ...

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