南方海相上奥陶统—下志留统优质烃源岩发育的控制因素

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从全球古气候和古海洋特征出发,结合中国南方晚古生代古地理演化特征,并利用中上扬子地区典型剖面系统的地球化学数据,探讨了南方海相上奥陶统—下志留统优质烃源岩发育的控制因素。研究表明V/(V+Ni)、Ni/Co、Ceanom、δEu和δ13Corg等地球化学指标与有机碳含量均有较好的相关性,这些指标的异常匀表明上奥陶统—下志留统优质烃源岩发育于缺氧环境。但是,从古气候和古海洋洋流的研究结果看,上奥陶统五峰组烃源岩与下志留统龙马溪组烃源岩的发育因素有明显的不同,五峰组沉积处于全球冰期的高峰阶段,在扬子地区发育强劲的上升洋流,提高了该地区的有机质的生产率,现今广泛分布在扬子地区的高有机质丰度的薄层硅质岩,是上升洋流的最好标志。龙马溪组沉积处于全球冰期过后的暖期,不利于上升洋流的大规模形成,上升洋流的影响范围仅局限于当时扬子克拉通盆地周缘深水斜坡部位。龙马溪组优质烃源岩主要发育在海侵的初期,主要是因为海侵初期海平面的快速上升,限制了陆源碎屑的大规模注入,海底的缺氧环境得以保存。而海侵的后期由于深层海水和表层海水有充足的时间混合,致使底部缺氧环境遭受破坏,有机质保存条件变差。

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基金国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(批准号:2005CB42108)资助

关键词南方 海相 烃源岩 上奥陶统—下志留统 地球化学 上升洋流


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