二硼化锆陶瓷前驱体的制备与研究

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1西安航天复合材料研究所,西安,710025


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介绍了一种二硼化锆陶瓷前驱体的制备方法.首先以氧氯化锆、邻羟基苯甲醇、乙酰丙酮为单体,在三乙胺作用下发生缩聚反应,合成出一种含锆聚合物.然后将该聚合物与硼酸在溶液中共混,除去溶剂后即得到二硼化锆陶瓷前驱体.用红外光谱、核磁共振和凝胶渗透色谱对含锆聚合物进行表征,用X射线衍射对二硼化锆陶瓷前驱体的配方及裂解温度进行优化分析.结果表明,所合成的含锆聚合物是一种以Zr-O-Zr为主链、乙酰丙酮与邻羟基苯甲醇配体为侧链的线性聚合物.该聚合物具有良好的溶解性,可与硼酸以1∶1.5的质量比在丙酮/乙醇溶液中共混,从而得到二硼化锆陶瓷前驱体.该前驱体在1400℃下的惰性气氛中裂解,可生成二硼化锆陶瓷粉末,其陶瓷转化率为30%左右.

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关键词二硼化锆 陶瓷前驱体 制备 裂解


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