阿尔金—祁连山晚新生代隆升—剥露过程——来自岩屑磷灰石裂变径迹热年代学的制约

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1中国地质科学院地质研究所 北京100037;北京大学地球与空间科学学院,造山带与地壳演化教育部重点实验室 北京100871

2北京大学地球与空间科学学院,造山带与地壳演化教育部重点实验室 北京,100871

3中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 北京100029

4中国地质科学院地质研究所 北京100037


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阿尔金—祁连山位于青藏高原北缘,其新生代的隆升—剥露过程记录了高原变形和向北扩展的历史,对探讨高原隆升动力学具有重要意义.本文采用岩屑磷灰石裂变径迹测年分析,利用岩屑的统计特征限定阿尔金—祁连山新生代的隆升—剥露过程.磷灰石裂变径迹测试结果表明,阿尔金—祁连山地区存在4个阶段的抬升冷却:21.1~19.4 Ma、13.5~10.5 Ma、9.0~7.3 Ma、4.3~3.8 Ma.其中,4.3~3.8 Ma抬升冷却事件仅体现在祁连山地区,9.0~7.3 Ma抬升冷却事件在区内普遍存在,且9.0~7.3 Ma隆升—剥露造就了现代阿尔金—祁连山的地貌.区域资料分析表明,9~7 Ma(或者8~6 Ma)期间,青藏高原北缘、东缘,甚至整个中国西部地区发生了大规模、区域性的抬升,中国现今"西高"的构造地貌形态可能于当时开始形成.阿尔金—祁连山地区4期抬升冷却事件与青藏高原的隆升阶段有很好的对应关系,应该是对印度—欧亚板块碰撞的响应.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2015.04.002

语种: 中文   

基金国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2007CB411300)

关键词岩屑磷灰石 裂变径迹 隆升—剥露 地貌形态 阿尔金—祁连山


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