木本植物萌生更新研究进展

陈沐 已出版文章查询
陈沐
本平台内已出版文章查询
曹敏 已出版文章查询
曹敏
本平台内已出版文章查询
林露湘 已出版文章查询
林露湘
本平台内已出版文章查询

+ 作者地址


0
  • 摘要
  • 参考文献
  • 相关文章
  • 统计
萌生是植物营养繁殖的方式之一。本文综述了萌生与实生这2种更新方式的差异、植物萌生能力的测定、影响植物萌生能力的因素以及萌生指数在生态系统评估中的意义。与实生相比,萌生具有抗干扰能力强、幼年期生长迅速等优点,因而它在植被演替的前期阶段发挥着明显的促进作用;而当干扰强度较低、种间竞争关系稳定时,物种更倾向于采取实生更新的策略。植物的萌生具有较大的不确定性。影响植物萌生的内在因素主要包括残桩高度、萌枝长出的位置、根的生物量与长度等;环境因素主要包括干扰方式和程度、光照、养分资源的可利用性等。从理论上讲,在一个稳定的、健康的森林生态系统中,其萌生指数应该有一个最佳值范围。

[1]陈颖.1996.林木复壮研究概述.世界林业研究,9(3):13-17.

[2]丁圣彦,彭鉴.1991.昆明地区元江栲萌生灌木群落生物量的研究.西南林学院学报,11:41-50.

[3]何永涛,曹敏,唐勇,等.2000.云南省哀牢山中山湿性常绿阔叶林萌生现象的初步研究.武汉植物学研究,18:523-527.

[4]黄玉清,李先琨,苏宗明.2000.元宝山南方红豆杉种群结构—Ⅱ.高度结构.广西植物,20(2):126-130.

[5]李景文.1992.森林生态学.北京:中国林业出版社:172-177.

[6]林露湘,曹敏,唐勇,等.2002.西双版纳刀耕火种弃耕地树种多样性比较研究.植物生态学报,26(2):216-222.

[7]刘文胜.2003.岷江上游退化生态系统恢复过程中植物群落结构的比较研究(硕士学位论文).中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园.

[8]倪穗.2001.青冈种群的能量分配.浙江大学学报(理学版),23(3):72-75.

[9]彭鉴,丁圣彦,王宝荣,等.1992.昆明地区常绿栎类萌生灌木群落特征与地上部分生物量的研究.云南大学学报(自然科学版),14(2):167-177.

[10]唐勇,冯志立,曹敏.2001.西双版纳刀耕火种轮歇地的萌生植物.东北林业大学学报,29(3):64-66.

[11]王绪高,李秀珍,孔繁花,等.2003.大兴安岭北坡火烧迹地自然与人工干预下的植被恢复模式初探.生态学杂志,22(5):30-34.

[12]于洋,曹敏,刘文胜.2003.滇西亚高山针叶林、硬叶栎类林的树种多样性.山地学报,21(5):568-575.

[13]张柏林.1991.刺槐萌生林的初步研究.西北林学院学报,6(1):16-21.

[14]张大勇,姜新华,雷春光,等.2000.理论生态学研究.北京:高等教育出版社:21-57.

[15]张建康,辜云杰,何芳,等.2004.陕西林业科技,(1):31-33,38.

[16]Kujansuu J,荆涛,马万里,等.2003.阔叶红松原生次生林和杂木次生林中紫椴的生态学特征.北京林业大学学报,25(1):113-115.

[17]Basnet K.1993.Recovery of a tropical rain forest after hurri-cane damage.Vegetatio,109:1-4.

[18]Bellingham PJ,Tanner EVJ,Healey JR.1994.Sprouting oftrees in Jamaican montane forests after a hurricane.JournalofEcology,82:747-758.

[19]Bellingham PJ,SparrowAD.2000.Resprouting as a life historystrategy in woody plants communities.Oikos,89:409-416.

[20]Bond WJ,Cowling RM,Richards M.1992.Competition andcoexistenceIn:Cowling RM,ed.The Ecology of Fynbos:Nutrients,Fire and Diversity.Cape Town:Oxford Univer-sity Press:206-225.

[21]Bond WJ,Midgley JJ.2001.Ecology of sprouting in woodyplants:The persistence niche.Trends in Ecology and Evo-lution,16:45-51.

[22]Bond WJ,Midgley JJ.2003.The evolutionary ecology of sprou-ting in woody plants.International Journal ofPlant Sci-ences,164(supp.):103-114.

[23]Charlesworth B.1994.Evolution in Age-Structured Populations.2nd ed.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.

[24]CrowTR.1988.Reproductive mode and mechanisms for self-re-placement of northern red oak(Ouercus rubra):A review.Forest Science,34:19-40.

[25]CrowTR.1992.Population dynamics and growth patterns for acohort of northern red oak(Quercus rubra)seedlings.Oecologia,91:192-200.

[26]Cruz A,Perez B,Moreno JM.2003.Resprouting of the Medi-terranean-type shrubErica australiswith modified lignotu-ber carbohydrate content.Journal ofEcology,91:348-356.

[27]Fagerstrom T,Westoby M.1997.Population dynamics in sessile organisms:Some general results from three seemingldifferent theory lineages.Oikos,80:588-594.

[28]Grubb P.1977.The maintenance of species richness in plant communities:The importance of the regeneration niche.Biological Review,52:107-145.

[29]Kamitani T.1986.Studies on the process of formation of sec-ondary beech forest in a heavy snowfall region.Ⅱ.The re-lationship between stump age and the reproductive capacityfor coppice sprouts of main woody species.Journal ofJapa-nese Forest Society,68:127-134.

[30]Kammesheidt L.1999.Forest recovery by root suckers and a-bove-ground sprouts after slash-and-burn agriculture,fireand logging in Paraguay and Venezuela.Journal ofTropicalEcology,15:143-157.

[31]Kauffman JB.1991.Survival by sprouting following fire in tropi-cal forest of the eastern Amazon.Biotropica,23:219-224.

[32]Keeley JE.1992.Recruitment of seedling and vegetative sproutsin unburned chaparral.Ecology,73:1194-1208.

[33]Klimes L,Klimesova J.1999.Root sprouting inRumex ace-tosellaunder different nutrient levels.Plant Ecology,141(1):33-39.

[34]Koop H.1987.Vegetative reproduction of trees in some Europe-an natural forests.Vegetatio,72:103-110.

[35]Kruger LM,Midgley JJ,Cowling RM.1997.Resprouters vs.reseeders in South African forest trees:A model based on forest canopy height.Functional Ecology,11:101-105.

[36]Kubo M,Sakio H,Shimano K,et al.2005.Age structure anddynamics ofCercidiphyllum japonicumsprouts based ongrowth ring analysis.Forest Ecology and Management,213:253-260.

[37]Luoga EJ,Witkowski ETF,Balkwill K.2004.Regeneration bycoppicing(resprouting)of mimbo(African savanna)treesin relation to land use.Forest Ecology and Management,189:23-35.

[38]Malanson GP,Westman WE.1985.Postfire succession in Cali-fornian coastal sage scrub:the role of continual basalsprouting.American Midland Naturalist,113:309-318.

[39]Midgley JJ.1996.Why the world’s vegetation is not totallydominated by resprouting plants;because resprouters areshorter than reseeders.Ecography,19:92-95.

[40]Negreros CP,Hall RB.2000.Sprouting capability of seventeentropical tree species in Quintana Roo,Mexico.Journal ofForest Ecology and Management,126:399-403.

[41]Parker GA,Maynard SJ.1990.Optimality theory in evolutionbiology.Nature,348:27-33.

[42]Pausas JG.2003.The effect of landscape pattern on Mediterra-nean vegetation dynamics:A modeling approach usingfunctional types.Journal ofVegetation Science,14:365-374.

[43]Rijks MH,Malta EJ,Zagt RJ.1998.Regeneration throughsprout formation inChlorocardium rodiei(Lauraceae)inGuyana.Journal ofTropical Ecology,14:463-475.

[44]Rydberg D.2000.Initial sprouting,growth and mortality of Eu-ropean aspen and birch after selective coppicing in centralSweden.Forest Ecology and Management,130:27-35.

[45]Wells PV.1969.The relation between mode of reproduction andextent of speciation in woody genera of the California chap-arral.Evolution,23:264-267.

[46]Zimmerman JK,Everham III EM,Waide RB,et al.1994.Re-sponses of tree species to hurricane winds in subtropical wetforest in Puerto Rico:Implications for tropical tree life his-tories.Journal ofEcology,82:911-922.


语种: 中文   

基金云南省自然科学基金资助项目(2005C0058M)

关键词森林 萌生 更新 无性系分株


期刊热词
  • + 更多
  • 字体大小