多溴二苯醚(PBDEs)对环境的污染及其生态化学行为

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1南开大学环境科学与工程学院,南开大学环境科学与工程学院,南开大学环境科学与工程学院 天津300071,天津300071,天津300071


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作为一种良好的防火溴代阻燃剂(brominnted flamt retardants,BFRS),多溴二苯醚(polybrominated diphenyl ethers,PBDEs)主要应用于各种家用和工业产品中,包括各种电子产品和家庭装饰产品。近年来,环境中PBDEs的浓度在不断上升。PBDEs具有很高的亲脂性和持久性,使得其在环境中易于富集和生物放大;同时,PBDEs又具有一定的挥发性,能够长途迁移至偏远地区;PBDEs具有一定的生物致毒作用和内分泌干扰作用。本文从生态化学行为和生态毒性两个方面综合论述了PBDEs在环境中的分布及存在水平、一般毒性效应和内分泌干扰行为,分析了当前研究中存在的问题,展望了PBDEs污染的研究方向。

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语种: 中文   

基金长江学者特聘教授资助项目

关键词溴代阻燃剂 多溴二苯醚 生态化学行为 生态毒性 内分泌干扰


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